Christina Zhao, Newsweek
5 February 2018
A senior scientist has confirmed that China is building artificial intelligence-powered nuclear submarines that can think for themselves, according to a report.
According to the researcher involved with the programme, who asked for anonymity due to the project’s sensitivity, the AI-augmented submarines with "it's own thoughts" would reduce the commanding officers’ workload, eliminate human error, and give China’s navy a competitive edge in underwater battles, reported the South China Morning Post.
“Though a submarine has enormous power of destruction, its brain is actually quite small,” the researcher said.
In the past nuclear submarines have been almost exclusively controlled by naval personnel. But now AI-technology is catching up fast with the inner workings of a human brain, and through machine-learning the submarines will be able to gather knowledge, independently improve skills and develop new strategies without human intervention.
The researcher claims the AI-infused system must produce basic demands but also be "compact and compatible" with the submarine’s existing computer systems.
“It is like putting an elephant into a shoebox,” the researcher told South China Morning Post. “What the military cares most about is not fancy features. What they care most is the thing does not screw up amid the heat of a battle.”
Zhu Min, lead scientist in China’s deep water exploration programme and researcher at the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Acoustics, says AI weaponry is the next step for China’s military but warns that the systems must be programmed carefully to safeguard from a “runaway submarine with enough nuclear arsenals to destroy a continent.”
“This is definitely a risk the authorities should consider when introducing AI to a sub,” he said.
However, Deng Zhidong, a computer science professor at Beijing’s Tsinghua University, told the Post that there is zero chance of a machine uprising —at least with the technology currently available to us.
“An AI-powered machine is still a machine. It does not have a life,” he said. “You can shut it down and shift to manual any time. It will be the same on a nuclear submarine.”
The U.S. produced the world's first operational nuclear-powered submarine in the early 1950s. The idea for the USS Nautilus was first proposed by Ross Gunn, from the Naval Research Laboratory in 1939.
Widely known as one of the most sophisticated war machines, a nuclear submarine can take more than 20 years to develop from an idea into a finished product.